BIOTECH AND PHARMA

COVID-19 infection: Disease detection with Technology – Report

While some areas of the country are beginning to relax certain social dissociation policies, many public health authorities are considering ways to use various coronavirus tests to identify individuals who have been infected or previously exposed to the virus that causes the disease, called COVID 19. Internet-based surveys are the most appropriate method of data collection because they prevent the transmission of this virus through personal examinations. Stalking, some techies have suggested using smartphones to track and report the transmission. [Sources: 11, 13, 15]

Such automated surveillance systems are able to detect infectious diseases because they use data from hundreds or thousands of sources, which are interpreted by a variety of sensors, such as mobile phones, computers, and other electronic devices. [Sources: 3]

These tools work by collecting data on reported symptoms using Internet-based questionnaires, which often provide information about the person’s age, gender, gender, age group, and physical activity. Contacts can be traced to reduce the spread of infectious diseases by identifying, informing and isolating contacts of a person who has been infected with a potentially infected person. By isolating many people who could become infected early, tracing contacts helps to disrupt the transmission chain and slow disease outbreaks. Despite controversial privacy issues, geottracking phones can also simplify the process for scientists to track the whereabouts of an infected patient to find those they have direct contact with, such as family members, close contacts, friends, colleagues, or potentially infectious close contacts. [Sources: 5, 8, 21]

Conventional tracing of contacts, which involves identifying and promoting infected persons who have close contacts to control disease transmission, is labour-intensive. Tracing contacts can be an important component of the epidemic response when the prevalence of infection is low. [Sources: 16, 18]

A 2018 study that looked at 58 mobile health technologies used during the outbreak found that only two tools were supported, including CommCare. IiH innovator SystemOne, which had a platform to test previous outbreaks of TB, HIV and Ebola. [Sources: 10]

The smear test uses a laboratory technique called quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to detect genetic material transmitted by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The company is also working on a do-it-yourself rapid test for infectious diseases, the SickStick, which is based on various technologies and packaged similar to a pregnancy test for home use. This test can detect the virus earlier in the infection stage, but requires technology that increases the amount of DNA to detectable levels and takes several hours. [Sources: 4, 6, 9]

The best performance isothermal technology is the RT-PCR method, which is based on the same technology as qPCR but also requires a laboratory-based protocol. It is a more efficient and cost-effective method for detecting SARS-CoV-2 than RT / PCR, based on the fact that RT / PCR also required the use of laboratory protocols such as PCR and PCR-RT. [Sources: 7]

We outline how GIS-T can be used to understand and respond to public health threats such as infectious disease outbreaks and pandemics, and to better understand public behavior during health crises. It offers a new approach to preventing and combating the threat of infectious disease outbreaks and facilitates the understanding and treatment of people with infectious diseases. This makes it easier to locate, diagnose, treat and monitor people for infectious diseases. The sensory platform can also be used to detect other infectious diseases that can affect the course of a pandemic. [Sources: 3, 8, 12, 18]

Future randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with GIS-T and other high-tech sensors such as GPS are warranted. The use of this technology to combat the Covid-19 pandemic is likely to lead to extreme public acceptance soon. [Sources: 14, 17]

Mobile tracking of infectious diseases has been available for at least a decade, but adoption rates vary dramatically by region. The voluntary FluPhone app developed by Cambridge University in 2011 is an early example, and mobile technology has played an important role in the introduction of apps in various countries to track people infected with coronavirus. Because the virus is a highly transmitted disease, governments can respond to the spread of Covid-19 with mobile location data. Consequently, one of the first steps to react to a COVID is 19 pandemic is the monitoring of population distribution and mobility used by social media and location-tracking applications embedded in mobile phones. [Sources: 1, 17, 18, 19]

If this is the case, and the use of voluntary apps is sufficient to quickly isolate and trace the majority of infected people, it may be possible to slow down the infection in a way that allows the pandemic to be brought under control, the researchers found. The rapid tracing of contacts used by mobile technologies leads to a significant reduction in the number of cases of coronavirus infections, according to the study. [Sources: 0, 5]

In response to COVID 19 Pandemic: SNEHA uses phones, websites, and resources to educate vulnerable populations on how to prevent the spread of the virus. At the same time, we are working on developing a vaccine that prevents both SARS and CoV-2 infection and reduces the risk of serious illness and death from coronavirus infections in people with compromised immune systems. There is also a COID 19 virus, which makes it difficult to contain because it can easily be transmitted from one person with signs of infection to another. Groups at increased risk of serious illness or death during the Covid 19 pandemic are also more likely to use special apps and have smartphones or even access to the internet. [Sources: 2, 10, 19, 20]

Sources:

Sources: [0]: https://www.livescience.com/mobile-appto-trace-coronavirus-contacts.html [1]: https://hbr.org/2020/04/how-digital-contact-tracing-slowed-covid-19-in-east-asia [2]: https://www.mayo.edu/research/covid-19-research [3]: https://rgare.com/knowledge-center/media/covid-19/covid-19-brief-the-role-of-data-science-technology-and-ai-in-infectious-disease-tracking [4]: https://www.commerce.gov/news/blog/2020/10/nist-innovation-could-improve-detection-covid-19-infections [5]: https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/technology-policy/news/2020/04/22/483521/digital-contact-tracing-contain-coronavirus/ [6]: https://news.mit.edu/2020/covid-19-diagnostic-test-prevention-0312 [7]: https://www.pnas.org/content/117/37/22727 [8]: https://time.com/5805622/coronavirus-pandemic-technology/ [9]: https://www.colorado.edu/today/2020/07/22/new-covid-19-test-returns-results-45-minutes-without-nasal-swab [10]: https://www.innovationsinhealthcare.org/covid-19-innovations-in-healthcare-responds/ [11]: https://www.jmir.org/2020/5/e18718/ [12]: https://engineering.cmu.edu/news-events/news/2020/09/14-covid-rapid-test.html [13]: https://www.wired.com/story/phones-track-spread-covid19-good-idea/ [14]: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7417101/ [15]: https://vtnews.vt.edu/articles/2020/05/PublicHealth_expert.html [16]: https://www.brookings.edu/techstream/inaccurate-and-insecure-why-contact-tracing-apps-could-be-a-disaster/ [17]: https://www.businessline.global/covid-19-infection-disease-detection-and-mobile-technology/ [18]: https://www.cdc.gov/Pcd/issues/2020/20_0246.htm [19]: https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/05/13/mobile-location-data-and-covid-19-qa [20]: https://www.caltech.edu/about/news/caltech-researcher-unveils-sensor-rapidly-and-simultaneously-detects-covid-19-infection-status-severity-and-immunity [21]: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp2016259

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