In Ahmedabad, India, a widespread nationwide lockdown slows the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID 19) due to the spread of the disease. Migrant workers walk along the railway tracks, eat dinner in a shopping mall that has been converted into a shelter before returning to their villages. At the beginning of this blockade, the presence of thousands of migrants in the city and their plight attracted the attention of the whole world. Migrant workers walk along the highway, walk along the railway tracks and eat their dinner in shopping malls that have turned into shelters on their return from their villages to slow the outbreak of a deadly disease in their country of origin.
The use of distressing media images of migrant workers walking to their hometowns in the city during the lockdown has been the subject of critical debate.
A study by the Indian Institute of Public Policy Research (IIPR) at Delhi University shows how the recession has affected migrant workers in India. According to the survey, more than one-fifth of emigrants returned home after losing their jobs as a result of the financial crisis, of which 3.3% returned after being forcibly repatriated. They did not have a voter ID card, behaved badly, and had no access to basic services such as education, health care, employment, and housing.
An anthropological approach to dealing with crisis contexts offers a productive lens to understand how one crisis responds to another. Given that India’s largest cities are home to many migrant workers from different states, it is important to understand the conditions in which they work. Many of them cross borders to commute from a neighboring country to their home country, and many of them are rooted in rural areas with limited access to basic services such as education, health care, or housing.
Migrant workers in large cities are forced either to move to cities and live in dangerous conditions, as was the case during the COVID 19 economic recession epidemic, or they are forced back to their marginal farms. Some migrant workers who leave the big cities during a crisis do not return, preferring to earn a living on their marginal farms rather than finding work in the surrounding cities.
In most sectors, the inevitable redundancies in connection with COVID-19 will undoubtedly affect migrant workers on temporary visas and those on permanent visas.
But this could force policymakers to rethink their view of the essential role that migrant workers play in the functioning of their economies. India’s economy is protected from global disruption, except in some sectors where Indian producers are not involved in global supply chains. The sudden displacement of workers due to the coronavirus will have a far-reaching impact on this.
This paper is presented in the context of Access presented at the International Conference on Migration and Migration in India (ICMI) 2017 in New Delhi, India. The emerging pattern of displacement of migrant workers in the Indian economy: The impact of a sudden displacement of migrant workers during COVID19.
Likewise, COVID19 was an opportunity for India to reassess the obstacles to its path to greater prosperity. To address this problem, we turn to India, where the nationwide lockout of the CO VID 19 pandemic has left the country’s migrant population decidedly confused.
In India, the government’s closure of COVID 19 has hit an estimated 40 million migrant workers and their families hard. According to India Migration, which is currently investigating the impact of CO VID 19 on the country’s migrant labour force, more than half of the total number of migrant workers are in 22 districts of the country, including those stranded in India’s major cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, and Bangalore. We take a closer look at South Delhi, where the census shows that the highest proportion of people who have stated their main reasons for migration for work and employment reasons live.
Only in recent days have South Asia’s unemployed stopped internal migrants in India’s largest cities. The sudden lockdown orders have led to thousands of migrant workers in densely populated cities and villages in South Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore rushing out of their homes in search of work. Bangladesh textile workers, believed to have migrated to India in recent years as part of the country’s migrant labor force, are now trying to make their way back to their home cities and families, where they have migrated to work in recent years. State governments have also imposed blockades in many parts of India, putting migrant workers “work at risk in cities like Delhi and Mumbai, and in rural Karnataka.
The Indian government’s decision to impose a lockdown until March 24, 2020, forces the working class to return to their villages and leads to what might be called the deadly consequences of a pandemic today. When the lockout was announced, no clues were given to the millions of migrant workers who have to live on their daily wages to survive. North Indian migrants have been attacked by MNS supporters in recent days, with MNS leader Raj Thackeray accusing migrants of being “inundated” in Maharashtra.