Customary newsletter spelling out the theoretical thought and definition of D and demonstrating that (i) many darkish traits are (largely) subsumed by D, (ii) D accounts for various aversive (behavioral) outcomes, whereas the negate darkish traits present shrimp to no additional clarification of these outcomes (past D), (iii) D shall be completely represented by subsets of indicators in accordance with its fluid nature (i.e. D shall be measured by any mixture of darkish trait indicators), and (iv) within objects of overall persona construction, D is positioned all over more than one dimensions (especially Honesty-Humility, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness).
Essentially based completely on rational merchandise preference tactics and recordsdata from seven huge and extremely heterogeneous samples (complete N > 165,000), merchandise sets (comprising 70, 35, and 16 objects, respectively) suited to an financial and psychometrically superior pronounce evaluate of D are identified. For more on measuring D and all merchandise translations, gaze Measuring D below.
Extra investigates the internal construction of the D70 merchandise bid to measure D in accordance with three huge and heterogeneous samples. Shows that a bifactor construction modeling D alongside with 5 explicit elements — or themes — labeled Callousness, Deceitfulness, Narcissistic Entitlement, Sadism, and Vindictiveness, yields a superior size model for D. For more on measuring D and all merchandise translations, gaze Measuring D below.
Tests the theoretical concept that D is the underlying tendency from which explicit darkish traits come up as flavored manifestations. Shows in 4-Three hundred and sixty five days longitudinal recordsdata that D is stable and indeed more so than explicit darkish traits and that D longitudinally accounts for (swap in) darkish traits, in most cases more so than the darkish traits themselves. As an illustration, D (modeled with none spitefulness objects!) is a descriptively better predictor of spitefulness four years later than spitefulness itself.
Hartung, J., Bader, M., Moshagen, M., & Wilhelm, O. (in press). Age and Gender Variations in Socially Aversive (“Dark”) Persona Traits. European Journal of Persona.
Investigates the construction of the D Ingredient of Persona all over age and gender utilizing Native Structural Equation Modeling. Shows that the construction of D is extremely stable all over both age and gender, thereby supporting the conceptualization of the D component. Extra, males exhibited increased ranges on D than females, and the level on D decreases as age increases.
Horsten, L. K., Moshagen, M., Zettler, I., & Hilbig, B. E. (in press). Theoretical and empirical dissociations between the Dark Ingredient of Persona and low Honesty-Humility. Journal of Compare in Persona.
Specifies the theoretical and conceptual variations between the final core of darkish traits, the D component, and HEXACO Honesty-Humility. Demonstrates all over four stories and several requirements (pretentiousness, distrust-connected beliefs, and empathy) that D and low Honesty-Humility are simplest understood as functionally diversified and nomologically certain constructs.
Moshagen, M., Zettler, I., Horsten, L. K., & Hilbig, B. E. (2020). Agreeableness and the final core of darkish traits are functionally diversified constructs. Journal of Compare in Persona.
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Tests and rejects the concept that the final core of darkish traits, the D component, is definitely equal to the low pole of (Colossal 5) Agreeableness. Shows that D and Agreeableness are functionally certain, that is, tale for diversified variance parts in theoretically connected requirements, especially dishonest habits, justifying beliefs, and (lack of) empathy and guilt.
Picture moreover a newest comment on this paper:
Vize, C. E., & Lynam, D. R. (2021). On the importance of the evaluate and
conceptualization of Agreeableness: A commentary on ‘‘Agreeableness and the
overall core of darkish traits are functionally diversified constructs”. Journal of
Compare in Persona, 90, 104059. (doi)
and our respond:
Hilbig, B. E., Moshagen, M., Horsten, L. K. & Zettler, I. (2021). Agreeableness is unimaginative. Long live Agreeableness? Respond to Vize and Lynam. Journal of Compare in Persona, 91, 104074.
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Hilbig, B. E., Thielmann, I., Klein, S. A., Moshagen, M. & Zettler, I. (in press). The darkish core of persona and socially aversive psychopathology. Journal of Persona.
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Demonstrates the conceptual and empirical overlap between D and socially aversive traits as studied in irregular psychology: narcissistic, antisocial, paranoid and borderline psychopathology. Shows that – despite the restricted theoretical and operational correspondence between explicit darkish traits and cases of psychopathology – D is effectively suited as a overall cause clarification and outpredicts no longer handiest the paunchy fluctuate of overall persona dimensions (including those most strongly connected to D: Honesty-Humility, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness) in accounting for aversive psychopathology, but in actual fact the same cases of psychopathology themselves.