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What Are the Four Types of Air Compressors?

Bibliometric Details: Issue No: 6 | Issue Month:June | Issue Year:2022

Air compressors are an essential part of any construction site or mechanic’s garage. They can also be used in other places like the home, farm, and garden. How they work is they take in outside air and turn it into a pressurized medium-pressure system which is then used to power some machinery. There are four different types of air compressors: Rotary screw, reciprocating screw, piston, and diaphragm compressor. Each of these four types has different characteristics depending on its use. This article will go over each type of air compressor and what they are used for.

Rotary Vane Compressors

They are called rotary vane compressors, as seen at https://cbeuptime.com/compressor-central/rotary-vane/, because the inside of the compressor has a series of small vanes that rotate inside a cylinder to compress the air. They are used to power air tools and other light-duty applications. Rotary vane compressors can produce a large amount of air or gas at relatively low pressure, and due to their simple design, they are long-lasting and easy to maintain.

Rotary Screw Compressor

In this compressor, the air enters the center and is spun by the screw-shaped blades around an outside cylinder. This device can handle a high-pressure input and high-volume output. The number of stages inside the device helps to increase its efficiency and pressure output. They are also relatively cheap to produce and easy to maintain.

A benefit of using a rotary screw compressor is its consistent output that has very little pulsation or surging of the flow.

Piston Compressors

Piston air compressors are used in a wide range of industrial and manufacturing applications. They are often used in many different industries such as semiconductor and electronics, automotive, oil drilling, chemical plants, steel processing, and even food processing. They are also able to be used on a wide variety of applications. Piston compressors use pistons to move air into a cylinder where it then moves through various components making the machine stronger and more pressure resistant. They work by using pistons to force air into the cylinder where it then forces itself out from the bottom of the cylinder.

Diaphragm Air Compressors

They are also known as diaphragm pumps or plate-type compression pumps and they work by moving a thin metal plate up and down inside of the cylinder while it is being rotated. The metal plates move up and down due to the centrifugal force from the end of the piston that moves outward during each rotation.

The four types of air compressors are rotary vane, rotary screw, piston, and diaphragm. Rotary vane compressors are used to power air tools and other light-duty applications, rotary screw compressors are used in many industrial and manufacturing applications, and piston compressors are used in many industries such as semiconductors and electronics, automotive, oil drilling, chemical plants, and steel processing as well as food processing. Diaphragm air compressors are commonly known as diaphragm pumps or plate-type compression pumps that act by moving a thin metal plate up and down inside of the cylinder while it is being rotated.

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