A study by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) stated that the highest incidence of children and women being trafficked was observed from the cities of Mumbai and Kolkata. NCRB’s data on missing children and women was compiled on the directions of the Supreme Court (SC). Report Highlights: The NCRB study on women and child trafficking was based on the annual Crime in India Report compiled by the agency for the years 2016, 2017 and 2018. NCRB study highlighted that the common causes of trafficking were child labour, forced marriages, domestic help, and sexual exploitation, among others. Mumbai and Kolkata reported the maximum number of trafficking. In the case of missing women, Maharashtra reported the maximum number. Madhya Pradesh reported a maximum number of cases of missing children. Mumbai, Pune, and Thane are considered the most vulnerable. Background: In 2011, the SC constituted a panel that submitted its report in 2019. The panel was asked to direct the NCRB to compile data on missing children and women with an aim to identify the areas prone to trafficking.